Testing for lead in toys and for other restricted and dangerous elements in consumer products is essential for manufacturers, importers and retailers to guarantee peace of mind for their customers. Ensuring regulatory compliance with the right testing tool is essential to avoid import bans or heavy fines for violation.
Fears associated with the long term health risks from exposure to toxic and harmful materials are increasing. To ensure that goods introduced into the market are safe for our children, it is crucial to carry out elemental analysis from the manufacturing stage, right through to delivery to retail channels, so that products containing toxic elements such as Lead (Pb) and Cadmium (Cd) are identified, rejected, and manufacturing processes changed accordingly .
The importance of being able to indentify harmful substances
Recent stories have been emerging in the press about the use of Cadmium in children's jewellery due to it being shiny and it brings the sparkle sought by low cost producers. It is also strong and malleable at low temperatures.
However, Cadmium is a known carcinogen. Like lead, it can hinder brain development in the very young, according to recent research. Research also shows that long-term exposure can cause cancer and kidney problems. Children don’t even have to swallow an item to be exposed - they can get persistent, low-level doses by regularly sucking or biting jewellery with high cadmium content.
Therefore, directives such as CPSIA - the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act - of 2008 have been introduced to protect consumers’ health.
XRF analysis and testing for toxic elements such as Lead
X-ray fluorescence is a well established technique for rapid and non-destructive screening of toys and other consumer products for elements such Pb, Sb, Ba, Hg, Se, Cd, As, Cr, Ni and others. XRF instruments appropriate for compliance screening come in two principle configurations: handheld and micro-spot XRF. Each configuration has unique advantages for certain types of measurements described below.
Handheld XRF – X-MET8000CG improves the regulatory compliance management process by preventing costly rejects, reworks or recalls, identifying restricted or hazardous elements before they enter the manufacturing process or supply chain.
Point and shoot simplicity: minimum training required
Fully portable: bring the analyser to the sample
Automatic selection of calibration for best results accuracy: no need to choose between calibrations
Determination of regulated elements as per IEC method 62321 and Consumer Product Safety Council (CPSC) rules, and other legislation
Micro-spot XRF benchtop XRF analyser – MAXXI 6 detect and rapidly quantify toxic elements such as Cd and Pb in jewellery and jewellery coatings, and enable users to focus the analysis on specific features of the item of jewellery being analysed.
Analyse extremely small samples or small spots on a complex sample.
Ideal for the testing of microelectronics: Measure components/features down to 50 microns in size
Sort Pb and Pb-free components on completed PCBs
Scan completed assemblies for Pb, Cd, Br, Hg, and Cr
Look for contamination in multiple layers of plating and measure thickness
Create XRF sample maps with XY stage