Mineral Liberation Analysis softwareINCAMineral is a powerful, automated, Mineral Liberation Analysis solution. It enables ore characterisation, provides vital data on metal recovery and enables process yield characterisation using multipurpose SEMs.

Exploiting the performance of Oxford Instruments’ large area SDDs (X-MaxN), it provides accurate classification of minerals at speeds comparable to dedicated systems – but with the flexibility to perform other investigations as required.


Bringing automated mineral liberation analysis to your SEM


Mineral Liberation AnalysisAutomated mineral characterisation

  • Reporting modal mineralogy
  • Liberation yields
  • Mineral locking and association
  • Particle and grain size distribution



  • Precious metal recovery (PGM)
  • Base metal recovery
  • Iron ore characterisation
  • Coal (mineral impurity analysis)


  • High speed acquisition using SDD technology
  • Automated analysis over wide area, resolution at the nanoscale
  • Based on proven Oxford Instruments algorithms



  • Works with most SEMs
  • Can be retrofitted to existing systems
  • Grain relocation for more detailed analysis using WDS, EBSD and complementary EDS techniques
  • Upgrade paths include large area mapping, quantitative EDS mapping and more

INCAMineral Features

INCAMineral automatically analyses grains over a large area of the sample, typically several square centimetres.

Because of the resolution achieved, information on individual grains is available from the same acquisition.

  • Samples can be either grain mounts or polished sections
  • Particles, and the grains within them, are detected using the atomic number contrast derived from a backscattered electron image
  • A combination of X-ray data, morphological data from the BSE image is used to identify the minerals
  • Both morphological and phase information in each grain is stored in a database from which it can be retrieved and re-analysed in greater detail at any time
  • Phase identification can be made by X-ray spectrum matching, but, even better, by real-time full quantitative analysis during the acquisition. This delivers the accuracy needed to distinguish chemically similar phases
  • The relationship between the individual grains and the parent particles is maintained for further post-processing
  • The post-processing module provides direct and convenient access to the data via a graphical user interface
  • Information is provided for individual grains as well as statistical information over the whole sample: mineral abundance, mineral associations, liberation and locking, grain size distributions as well as cumulative liberation yield graphs


Brochure and application notes

INCAMineral Brochure

This 6 page brochure shows the features, benefits and operational principles of INCAMineral.

PDF 1.65MB
EDS Developments for Process Mineralogy

Improvements in Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) hardware (detector and pulse processing electronics) and software over the last decade have delivered many advances in terms of data quality, acquisition speed and ease of use. Here, we look at the specific advantages that these developments have brought to the field of process mineralogy.

PDF 3.02MB
INCAMineral Application Note - An Application Overview

Mineral liberation is a critical stage in the production of high quality mineralogical concentrates from their ores. The products(concentrates) must be of a suitable degree of purity for the downstream processes in which they will be used.  This application note gives an overview into the process of mineral liberation analysis in a scanning electron microscope.

PDF 1.45MB
INCAMineral Application Note - Large Area Mapping

Geological samples contain large amounts of information much of which may be gathered using an SEM equipped with EDS and EBSD analytical detectors and software. The combined suite of information gathered using both mapping and dedicated mineral analysis software enables a far deeper understanding of the specimen and the processes which have contributed to its formation than the individual methods alone.

PDF 3.04MB
INCAMineral Application Note - Mn Nodule Analysis

By using a range of solutions within Oxford Instruments’ software suite, detailed qualitative and quantitative information can be gained on the chemistry and mineralogy of geological samples of a wide range of types. INCAMineral and AZtec Energy have been used in the study of a Mn nodule suspected of containing economically viable quantities of valuable metals.

PDF 2.18MB

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Product Support

Maintenance and Support

Maintenance and Support

Oxford Instruments takes pride in the support and service that we provide. Whether your requirements are general or specific, regional or national, local or international, we can tailor a package specifically for you.

INCA Training Courses

INCA Training Courses

Hands on course modules for INCAEnergy (EDS), INCAWave (WDS) and INCAFeature (particle analysis).

Quantitative Analysis Training Courses

Quantitative Analysis Training Courses

A one-day practical course full of hints and tips to get the best from quantitative analysis. Illustrated using AZtec and INCA software, but suitable for users of any EDS system.